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MOBILE FIRE - RESCUE DEPARTMENTFIRE CODE ADMINISTRATION2012 Internationl Fire CodeAccess Road RequirementsSection 502 DefinitionFire Apparatus Access Road is a road that provides fire apparatus access from a firestation to a facility, building or portion thereof. This is a general term inclusive of allother terms such as a fire lane, a public street, a private street, a parking lot lane and anaccess roadway.Section 503 Fire Apparatus Access RoadsWhere required. Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained inaccordance with Sections 503.Buildings and facilities. Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided forevery facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into orwithin the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirementsof this section and shall extend to within 150 feet of all portions of the facility and allportions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured by an approvedroute around the exterior of the building or facility.Exception: The fire code official is authorized to increase the dimension of 150 feetwhere:1. The building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler systeminstalled in accordance with Section 903.2. Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed because of location on property,topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions, and anapproved alternative means of fire protection is provided.3. There are not more than two Group R-3 or Group U occupancies.Mobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-7484

Additional access. The fire code official is authorized to require more than one fireapparatus access road based on the potential for impairment of a single road by vehiclecongestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions or other factors that could limitaccess.High-piled storage. Fire department vehicle access to buildings used for high-piledcombustible storage shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 23.Specifications. Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged inaccordance with Sections 503.Dimensions. Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not lessthan 20 feet, exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordancewith Section 503, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches.Authority. The fire code official shall have the authority to require an increase in theminimum access widths where they are inadequate for fire or rescue operations.Surface. Fire apparatus access roads shall be designed and maintained to support theimposed loads of fire apparatus and shall be surfaced with asphalt or concrete so as toprovide all weather driving capabilities.Turning radius. The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall bedetermined by the fire code official.Dead ends. Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet in length shallbe provided with an approved area for turning around fire apparatus.Bridges and elevated surfaces. Where a bridge or an elevated surface is part of a fireapparatus access road, the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in accordance withAASHTO HB-17. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be designed for a live loadsufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus.Vehicle load limits shall be posted at both entrances to bridges when required by the firecode official. Where elevated surfaces designed for emergency vehicle use are adjacent tosurfaces which are not designed for such use, approved barriers, approved signs or bothshall be installed and maintained when required by the fire code official.Grade. The grade of the fire apparatus access road shall be within the limitsestablished by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.Angles of approach and departure. The angles of approach and departure for fireapparatus access roads shall be within the limits established by the fire code officialbased on the fire department's apparatus.Marking. Where required by the fire code official, approved signs or other approvednotices or markings that include the words NO PARKING-FIRE LANE shall beprovided for fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit theMobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-7484

obstruction thereof. The means by which fire lanes are designated shall be maintained ina clean and legible condition at all times and is replaced or repaired when necessary toprovide adequate visibility.Obstruction of fire apparatus access roads. Fire apparatus access roads shall not beobstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths andclearances established in Section 503 shall be maintained at all times.Required gates or barricades. The fire code official is authorized to require theinstallation and maintenance of gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatusaccess roads, trails or other access ways, not including public streets, alleys or highways.Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325. Gatesintended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to complywith the requirements of ASTM F 2200.Secured gates and barricades. When required, gates and barricades shall be secured inan approved manner. Roads, trails and other access ways that have been closed andobstructed in the manner prescribed by Section 503 shall not be trespassed on or usedunless authorized by the owner and the fire code official.Exception: The restriction on use shall not apply to public officers acting within thescope of duty.Security gates. The installation of security gates across a fire apparatus access roadshall be approved by the fire code official. Where security gates are installed, theyshall have an approved means of emergency operation. The security gates and theemergency operation shall be maintained operational at all times.Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325. Gatesintended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to complywith the requirements of ASTM F 2200.Appendix D Fire Apparatus Access RoadsSection D101 GeneralScope: Fire apparatus access roads shall be in accordance with this appendix and allother applicable requirements of the International Fire Code.Section D102 Required AccessAccess and loading: Facilities, buildings or portions of buildings hereafterconstructed shall be accessible to fire department apparatus by way of an approved fireapparatus access road with an asphalt or concrete surface capable of supporting theimposed load of fire apparatus weighing at least 75,000 pounds.Mobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-7484

Section D103 Minimum SpecificationsAccess road width with a hydrant: Where a fire hydrant is located on a fireapparatus access road, the minimum road width shall be 26 feet, exclusive ofshoulders (see Figure DI03).Grade: Fire apparatus access roads shall not exceed 10 percent in grade.Exception: Grades steeper than 10 percent as approved by the fire code official.Turning radius: The minimum turning radius shall be determined by the fire codeofficial.Dead-ends: Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet shall beprovided with width and turnaround provisions in accordance with Table DI03.4.Table D103.4 Requirements for Dead-End Fire Apparatus AccessRoadsLength in Feet0-150151-500501-750Over 750Width in Feet202026Special ApprovalTurn-a-rounds requiredNone Required120’ Hammerhead, 60’ “Y” or 96’ dia. cul-de-sac120’ Hammerhead, 60’ “Y” or 96’ dia. cul-de-sacSpecial Approval60’96 feet20’26’26’ RTYP.’28 ft. RTYP.’20’26 ft.20’20’96’ diameterCul-de-sac60’ “Y”Minimum ClearanceAround a Fire Hydrant60’60’28’ RTYP.’70’20’28’ RTYP.’20’26’120’ Hammerhead20’Acceptable AlternativeTo 120’ HammerheadFigure D103.1 Fire Apparatus Access Road Turn-a-RoundMobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-7484

Fire Apparatus Access Road Gates: Gates securing the fire apparatus access roadsshall comply with all of the following criteria:1. The minimum gate width shall be 20 feet.2. Gates shall be of the swinging or sliding type.3. Construction of gates shall be of materials that allow manual operation by one person.4. Gate components shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times andreplaced or repaired when defective.5. Electric gates shall be equipped with a means of opening the gate by fire departmentpersonnel for emergency access. Emergency opening devices shall be approved by thefire code official.6. Manual opening gates shall not be locked with a padlock or chain and padlock unlessthey are capable of being opened by means of forcible entry tools or when a key boxcontaining the key(s) to the lock is installed at the gate location.7. Locking device specifications shall be submitted for approval by the fire code official.8. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325.9. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed tocomply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200.Signs: Where required by the fire code official, fire apparatus access roads shall bemarked with permanent NO PARKING-FIRE LANE signs complying with FigureDI03.6.Signs shall have a minimum dimension of 12 inches wide by 18 inches high and have redletters on a white reflective background. Signs shall be posted on one or both sides of thefire apparatus road as required by Section DI03.6.1 or DI03.6.2.Sign Type “A”Sign Type “C”Sign Type “D”NOPARKINGNOPARKINGNOPARKINGFIRE LANEFIRE LANE18”FIRE LANE12”12”Figure D103.6 Fire Lane Signs12”Mobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-748418”

Roads 20 to 26 feet in width: Fire apparatus access roads 20 to 26 feet wide shall beposted on both sides as a fire lane.Roads more than 26 feet in width: Fire apparatus access roads more than 26 feet wideto 32 feet wide shall be posted on one side of the road as a fire lane.Section D104 Commercial and Industrial DevelopmentsBuildings exceeding three stories or 30 feet in height: Buildings or facilitiesexceeding 30 feet or three stories in height shall have at least two means of fire apparatusaccess for each structure.Buildings exceeding 62,000 square feet in area: Buildings or facilities having a grossbuilding area of more than 62,000 square feet shall be provided with two separate andapproved fire apparatus access roads.Exception: Projects having a gross building area of up to 124,000 square feet that have asingle approved fire apparatus access road when all buildings are equipped throughoutwith approved automatic sprinkler systems.Remoteness: Where two access roads are required, they shall be placed a distanceapart equal to not less than one half of the length of the maximum overall diagonaldimension of the property or area to be served, measured in a straight line betweenaccesses.Section D105 Aerial Fire Apparatus Access RoadsWhere required: Buildings or portions of buildings or facilities exceeding 30 feet inheight above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access shall be provided withapproved fire apparatus access roads capable of accommodating fire department aerialapparatus. Overhead utility and power lines shall not be located within the aerial fireapparatus access roadway.Width: Aerial fire apparatus access roads shall have a minimum unobstructed widthof 26 feet, exclusive of shoulders, in the immediate vicinity of any building or portionof building more than 30 feet in height.Proximity to building: At least one of the required access routes meeting thiscondition shall be located within a minimum of 15 feet and a maximum of 30 feet fromthe building, and shall be positioned parallel to one entire side of the building.Section D106 Multiple-Family Residential DevelopmentsProjects having more than 100 dwelling units: Multiple- family residentialprojects having more than 100 dwelling units shall be equipped throughout with twoseparate and approved fire apparatus access roads.Mobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-7484

Exception: Projects having up to 200 dwelling units may have a single approved fireapparatus access road when all buildings, including nonresidential occupancies, areequipped throughout with approved automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordancewith Section 903.Projects having more than 200 dwelling units: Multiple-family residential projectshaving more than 200 dwelling units shall be provided with two separate andapproved fire apparatus access roads regardless of whether they are equipped with anapproved automatic sprinkler system.Section D107 One- or Two-Family Residential DevelopmentsOne- or two-family dwelling residential developments: Developments of one- or twofamily dwellings where the number of dwelling units exceeds 30 shall be provided withseparate and approved fire apparatus access roads and shall meet the requirements ofSection D104.Exceptions:1. Where there are more than 30 dwelling units on a single public or private fireapparatus access road and all dwelling units are equipped throughout with an approvedautomatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3of the International Fire Code, access from two directions shall not be required.2. The number of dwelling units on a single fire apparatus access road shall not beincreased unless fire apparatus access roads will connect with future development, asdetermined by the fire code official.Mobile Fire-Rescue Department / Bureau of Fire Prevention / Fire Code Administration2851 Old Shell Road Mobile, AL 36607 (251) 208-7484