BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICAMERIT BADGE SERIESPLUMBING“Enhancing our youths’ competitive edge through merit badges”

Requirements1. Do the following:a. Describe how a properly working plumbing systemprotects your family’s health and safety.b. List five important local health regulations related toplumbing and tell how they protect health and safety.c. Describe the safety precautions you must take whenmaking home plumbing repairs.2. Do the following:a. Make a drawing and explain how a home hot- andcold-water supply system works. Tell how you wouldmake it safe from freezing.b. Make a drawing and explain the drainage system ofthe plumbing in a house. Show and explain the useof drains and vents.3. Show how to use five important plumber’s tools.4. Identify and describe the use of each of the following:washer, retaining nut, plunger (rubber force cup), solder,flux, elbow, tee, nipple, coupling, plug, union, trap,drainpipe, and water meter.35933ISBN 978-0-8395-3386-3 2012 Boy Scouts of America2016 Printing

5. Name the kinds of pipe that are used most often in aplumbing system. Explain why these pipes are used.6. Cut, thread, and connect two pieces of steel pipe.7. Under the supervision of a knowledgeable adult, solderthree copper tube connections using a gas torch. Includeone tee, two straight pieces, and one coupling.8. Do the following:a. Replace a washer in a faucet.b. Clean out a sink or lavatory trap.PLUMBING    3

Plumbing Resources.Plumbing ResourcesScouting LiteratureHome Repairs and Public Health meritbadge pamphletsVisit the Boy Scouts of America’sofficial retail website at for acomplete listing of all helpfulScouting materials and supplies.BooksBetter Homes and Gardens editors. Step-byStep Plumbing. Meredith Books, 1997.Home Depot Books editors. Plumbing1-2-3: Install, Upgrade, Repair, andMaintain Your Home’s PlumbingSystem. Home Depot, 2005.Popular Mechanics editors. CompleteHome How-To. Hearst Books, 2009.Organizations and WebsitesAmerican Society ofPlumbing EngineersWebsite: http://www.aspe.orgInternational Association ofPlumbing and Mechanical OfficialsWebsite: http://www.iapmo.orgMechanical ContractorsAssociation of AmericaWebsite: tractors AssociationWebsite: http://www.phccweb.org48    PLUMBINGUnited AssociationUnion of Plumbers, Fitters, Welders,and HVAC Service TechsWebsite: Boy Scouts of America thanksretired Master Plumbers Jim Wittenand Sam Huff for their assistancein updating the Plumbing meritbadge pamphlet. Thanks also toGerry Kennedy of the PlumbingHeating-Cooling Contractors’ NationalAssociation Education Foundation.The Boy Scouts of America isgrateful to the men and women servingon the Merit Badge Maintenance TaskForce for the improvements made inupdating this pamphlet.Photo and Illustration CreditsHAAP Media Ltd., courtesy—cover(running faucet)HAAP Media Ltd./Yucel Tellici,courtesy—cover (basin), courtesy—cover(valve, Photo Love/Shutterstock);cover and page 22 (wrench, lenetstan/Shutterstock)All other photos and illustrations notmentioned above are the property ofor are protected by the Boy Scoutsof America.Daniel Giles—page 46John McDearmon—all illustrations