Beloit CollegeProfessor Marion FassFirst Year Initiative Seminar 2007: Slow foodDepartment of BiologyBeloit CollegeOffice: 233 [email protected], x 2784We are what we eat, and what we eat shapes the environment around us. In this class we willexplore our connections to food and culture, to food and sustainability, to food as it relates tosocial justice. We will move from feasts to famine and examine the impact that our eating habitshave on our health and on the global food supply. We will draw from environmental activism, thesciences of nutrition and sustainability, and film and literature. We’ll visit farmers markets, talkwith farmers and chefs and families, and contrast the tastes of fast foods and our local products.Our theme will draw from the Slow Food movement, a group founded to preserve the pleasures ofdiverse local foods and culinary traditions. We will assess the impact of the homogenization ofthe fast food culture in the US and in other countries and study the pressures that our quests forcoffee and bananas put on the suppliers of the world. We will ask about sustainable agricultureand explore the promise and perils of biotech solutions to food shortages.Objectives: Students will be able to: To analyze why we eat what we eat in terms of the contributions ofCostCulture, comfortTasteCorporationsConvenienceHealth To analyze the path of selected foods from producers to tables. To evaluate changes in the diet of Americans (in the last 100, 50, 20 years) and their impact onnutrition and the economy To critique how the American diet impacts global economies and how the American economyaffects global diets To analyze the links between food and the local economyWho benefits from agriculture?How does our food availability compare to other cities, other nations?Can people in Beloit afford to eat well? To evaluate the contributions of NGOs to alleviating hunger and creating a sustainablefoodshed and make informed decisions about their value.Books or parts:Halweil , Brian, 2004. Eat HerePollan, Michael, 2006. The Omnivore’s DilemmaImhoff, Daniel, 2007. Food Fight: The Citizen’s Guide to a Food and Farm Bill.Articles from Barrett, Christopher B. and Daniel G. Maxwell, 2005. Food Aid After Fifty Years.Films:Supersize Me, Chocolat,The Real Dirt on Farmer JohnFYI 2007 assignmentsOrientation week assignmentsLibrary search: What should weeat?Farmers market survey and poster5%Article summaries September 20Present findings September 25Draft paper due October 215%25%42

presentationFood and farm bill investigationactivityFood policy shapersSupporting good food: Thephilanthropy challengePoster and Presentation Due Oct 11November 82 page paper and class participationdue November 20First draft due November 29Final paper and Presentation Friday December14Oral presentations, Classparticipation and other stuff10%10%25%10%Notices:Academic honesty: What you learn in this class derives from your efforts to understand thereadings and to integrate and communicate your ideas. There are many writing assignmentsdirected to this purpose. It’s important as you prepare papers that you attempt as much aspossible to put concepts into your own words. Where it is necessary to use the words of others tosuccinctly express a concept, or to demonstrate that your ideas are derived from an establishedtradition of research and thinking, make sure to quote appropriately and to reference correctly. Iam less concerned about the format of the citation than with its accuracy. When citing documentson the Internet, please reference the exact page your information comes from and the date youhave visited that site. Remember that anyone can post pages on the Internet, so please try toverify their accuracy before you use them. The reference should be in the form of a journalreference, with the web address added. You should similarly reference any tables or diagrams orphotographs that you use in your work.Oral presentations should also be clearly and appropriately referenced.Papers in which sections are copied from books or from web articles are unacceptable and leavethis instructor insulted and outraged. This practice should be avoided at all costs. For moreinformation on the Beloit College Academic Honesty policy see( stuaff/acadplcy.html#acts)Students with Disabilities:Students: If you have a disability and would like to speak to someone about possibleaccommodations, please visit the LSSC (Learning Support Services Center) located on the firstfloor of 635 College St. You will need to provide appropriate documentation of your disability toDiane Arnzen, Director of the LSSC. If you wish to receive accommodations in my class pleaseprovide me the LSSC Accommodation Verification Letter dated for this semester as soon aspossible so your learning needs may be appropriately met.The writing center: The writing center is a great place for you to get help with yourassignments. Their job is not to rewrite papers for you, but to guide you in writing and rewritingthem yourself. If you go to the Writing Center, always take your assignment with you. The writingcenter websiteUsing moodle: Our syllabus will be constantly updated on Moodle. If you don’t check in you willmiss important events and assignments. All assignments submitted on Moodle should be savedas a Microsoft Word and titled Yourlastname.assignmentdescription.doc (Jones.osmosislab.doc).28 August - 3 September What is our foodshed?43

Tuesday August 28 Read Eat Here Chapter 1 and 2 and farmer’s market discussion.Be prepared to discuss the local farmer’s market and what we could do in our survey.We will also discuss our observations on Chicago. How does Millennium Park compare/ contrastwith the White City? Who is it used by?Thursday August 30 Read Rick Peterson’s efforts to trace the foods he ate in the article linkedbelow. Also read Chapters 3 and 4 in Eat Here.More work on our survey. How has the market changed in 2 years?Where have all the farmers gone? Discuss economies of small scale farming. Is it possible tobring about change? What is the power of corporations? Do local farmers markets make adifference? Work on our farmer's market survey.what is a foodshed?Oldways: The Food IssuesThink TankThe foodshed project,, and WisconsinFoodshed Research Project at is an excellent website. Look for corporate sponsorship!Use this to see new strategies for weight control, food pyramidsthat represent varied approaches to nutrition. Well GuideFind out about local foods. and Pimentel (1994)Constraints on theExpansion of the GlobalFood SupplyConsumers, Vendors andthe Economic Importance ofIowa Farmers Markets Originally published in AmbioVol. 23 No. 3, May 1994The Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesConsumers Opinions ofOhio Farmers Markets11 year old article that asks interesting arket/rfmarket.htmlConsumers, Vendors and the Economic Importance of IowaFarmers Markets: An Economic Impact Survey Analysis, Otto, Daniel andVarner, Theresa, March 2005, Iowa State /reports/frmrs mkt report C1.pdf3 September - 9 September Can we eat locally and sustainably?Tuesday, Read Eat Here Chapters 5 and 6 and the article on Consumers, Vendors and FarmersMarkets.Meet with Peter Kraemer, Head of Food Service at Beloit CollegeSlow Food: an article fromThe Nation by AlexanderStille, 2001This article provides good background on the Slow Food Movement.It is also liked on the web pages of the Organic Consumer leThursday, Eat Here, Chapters 6,7,8. How would you design a "tipping point?"44

Read also article from NYT, August 22, 2007, on religion and sustainable food.Visit Angelics Organics with Kathy Greene’s class.10 September - 16 September Changing American cuisineFor Tuesday, read “One Thing to Do About Food: A Forum” published in The Nation, September11, 2006, This includes commentaries by ER ICSC H L O S S ER , MA R IO N N E S T L E , M IC H A E L PO L LA N , W EN D EL L B ER R Y,TR O Y D U S T ER , E LI ZA B E TH R A N SO M , W IN O N A L A D U K E , P ET ER S I N G ER ,D R . VA N D A N A S H I VA , C A R L O P ETR IN I , E L I O T C O L E MA N & J I M H IG H TO W ERPl e a s e n ot e w h o e a c h of t h e s e p e o p l e a r e a n d w hy t h e y w e r e in c l ud e d int hi s s e t of o pi n io ns .C ont ra s t t h e ir id e a s w it h H a l w e i l i n S l ow F oo d .Pl a n Fa r m e r’ s M a r k e t s urv e y.Thursday. Rosh HashanahView The Real Dirt about Farmer JohnSaturday, September 15 we will collect data at the Farmer’s Market. Attendance is required. Ifyou can’t attend because of sports, you will have other assignments. Sid Mintz on Why Americadoesn't have a nationalcuisineUnion of ConcernedScientists, SustainableAgricultureThis article is from the Johns Hopkins Alumni Magazine.It's not academic, but is about one of the great foodanthropologists in the US. jhumag/1198web/taste.htmlThese linked web pages from the Union or ConcernedScientists look at food and the environment, antibiotics in our food,and biotechnology. and environment/sustainable agriculture/page.cfm?pageID 175717 September - 23 SeptemberTuesday: Library search: What should we eat?We will try to answer the difficult question of what is a good diet. See assignment handout.Thursday: In class we will work on analyzing the results of our class survey of the FarmersMarket in Beloit. Those people who are unable to gather survey’s will be responsible for enteringdata before Thursday’s class meeting.Read about results from other class.Food Security fromMonsantoThis company document explores the contributions thatMonsanto's biotech strategies make to global food ur pledge/45

facing challenges/poverty.asp24 September - 30 September Healthy foodsTuesday What should we eat? The development of nutritional understandingPresentations in class from research we’ve doneThursday The Omnivore’s dilemma, Read Intro and Chapter 1Discuss Corn.Mediteranean Diet andMortalityNYTimes reviews diet andcancer“Mediterranean Diet and Mortality,” Hu, Frank,New England Journal of Medicine, 348(26): 2595, 2000.Since the 1950s some scientists have lauded the diet ofGreece and Italy as being the healthiest in the world.What do you think of the evidence?On Tuesday, September 27, 2005 the New York Timestook on our assignment. Read their conclusions.“Which of these foods will stop cancer” by Gina Kolata. NYT, 9/27/2005.1 October - 7 OctoberTuesday, October 2What does it take to run a farm?Discuss Chapter 2 and 3 in Omnivore’s Dilemma, also work on analysesThursday- Read Chapters 4 and 5 in Omnivore’s dilemma and article on High Fructose cornSyrupMore work on posters8 October - 14 October Poster presentation weekTuesday Read Omnivore’s dilemma Chapter 6 and 7 and article on obesity and High FructoseCorn SyrupThursday- Meet in Java Joint for posters about Farmer’s Market survey15 October - 21 Octoberbig grin BREAK big grin22 October - 28 October American traditionsTuesday: Read The Invention of Thanksgiving by Siskind in Coulihan, distributed.Thursday, Start to discuss Farm Bill/ Food BillRead Food Fight, p 1-42. And Omnivore’s Dilemma, Chapter 8Read updates on House and Senate versions of bill29 October - 4 NovemberTuesday October 30Read Food Fight, pages 43-85 . Also read about Hunger in AmericaHunger in AmericaBy Trudy Lieberman from The Nation, August 18, n46

Thursday, November 1Read Food Fight, pages 86-101Food stamp dietCan you survive on 1. Per meal?Read article by Steingarten, oid 300708Food challenges from FRAC November - 11 November Obesity in the USATuesday November 6Read Omnivores Dilemma, pages 134-225Who gets the money?Thursday November 8Read Omnivore, 226-273 and 304-333The ethics of eating animalsJunk Food NationJunk Food Nation: Who’s to Blame for Childhood Obesity?By Gary Ruskin and Juliet Schor, The Nation, August 27. 2 November - 18 NovemberTuesday Energy November 13?Read 102-139 in Food FightWednesday November 14- Attend forum on hungerThursday November 15: Hunger, obesity and policyPoverty and Obesity byDrewnowski and SpectorAmber Waves Magazine:Obesity Policy andUnintended ConsequencesChoices Magazine, specialissue of Economics ofObesityAn excellent technical report on the interrelationships of poverty,food security and obesity. Adam Drewnowski and SE SpecterPoverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costsAm. J. Clinical Nutrition, Jan 2004; 79: 6 - 16http://www.ajcn.orgAmber Waves is the magazine of the USDA. This articlefocuses on policy to control Features/ObesityPolicy.htmThis is the magazine of the American Agricultural EconomicsAssociation November - 25 NovemberTuesday, discuss hunger in the US,Thanksgiving dinner First world hungerRead Popendiek in First World Hunger, on reserve.America's Second HarvestThis group serves millions of Americans, www.secondharvest.orgChildren's Defense Fund onFood insecurity is one way to talk about hunger in developed nations.47

Children and FoodInsecurityFood insecurity is characterized by periods where thereisn't enough food and the need to use emergency food pantries.The impact can be both physiological and /News2?page NewsArticle&id 6642and link to full report.Enjoy Thanksgiving break.26 November - 2 DecemberTuesday November 27 Responding to Hunger:Global questions: Read Barrett, Christopher B. and Daniel G. Maxwell, 2005. Food Aid AfterFifty Years, chapter 1.Thursday November 29The failure of US food policy--Read Barrett, Christopher B. and Daniel G. Maxwell, 2005. FoodAid After Fifty Years, final 2 chapters.3 December - 9 DecemberPulling it all together: Hunger, sustainability and the promise of Slow FoodWe’ll decide on the reading, perhaps those listed below.Famine, Affluence andMorality by Peter SingerAmartya Sen and VandanaShiva: The real causes offamineThis classic paper (1972) outlines the moral responsibility toassure the good of others. It is fromPhilosophy and Public Affairs, Vol 1 No mNobel prize winning economist Sen and activistShiva face off on issues of famine and globalizationin a New Zealand newspaper ,376Oxfam orgUnited Nations Children’s Emergency Fund10 December - 16 DecemberFinal class, Tuesday December 11Slow food and human rights. . . Discussion of activism and changeFinal presentations, Friday December 1448

SLOW FOOD FYI PRESENTATION SCHEDULE:December 14, 2007FARMINGNICOLE HELREGEL: The loss of rural cultureTOM LANCASTER: Changes in farming in MinnesotaNICK ABRAHAM: Can farms use less energy?RAISING MEATLEANN WACKER: Factory farmingSIMONE DENNY: The effects of factory farming on nutritionBREAKWATERKRISTA LOWE: Agricultural contributions to the pollution of Chesapeake BayADAMA LOOS-DIALLO: Modern agriculture pollutesFAST FOODSDAN O’BRIEN: The impact of Coca-ColaJIN LI: The growth of fast food in the US and ChinaBREAKCHANGING DIETSERIC RITTS: New food technologies and nutritional valueJULIA MULLIGAN: The epidemic of obesity in the USYANG YANG WANG: The impact of prosperity on diet in ChinaGLOBAL TRADEELIZABETH MAKAREWICZ: The history and ethics of coffee consumptionHANNAH YOKUM: Understanding food aidFarmer's market short paper and rewriteWe will be investigating the role of the Farmer's Market in Downtown Beloit. Using Eat Here andat least one other source from newspapers or from an advocacy group on the internet, write apaper that supports the contribution of local farmer's markets to building strong communities andto establishing a sustainable food system.Remember, please, that only a small percentage of US shoppers now go to farmer's markets,farm stands or local farms.This paper will help you frame a larger report on data that we collect from the Farmer's Market. Ifyou would like to illustrate it with one or two photographs you take at the market, that would begreat.Guidelines. Please limit your paper to two pages double-spaced. Make sure to include anintroductory paragraph and a conclusion. If you use quotes from your sources, please reference49

them clearly using APA format (use your Writing Guide or the Writing Center web pages forguidelines, writingc/turtlewax.htm). Include abibliography in APA style as well.The Farmer’s Market Survey 2007:This is worth 20% of your grade, so it is a big deal.The first draft of this paper is due on October 2 - 2 weeks from today. The poster will be onThursday October 11.Here are the steps1) work on survey design2) show up for survey3) input data4) Propose topic: What would you like to learn about the market?5) analyze data: Each group of 2 will develop a question or questions to be answered bythe data collected. You can use both frequency distributions and contingency tables toanalyze the data we have (A frequency distribution just tells you how many people ineach category answered a question in a certain way. A contingency table, or a set ofnested frequency distributions, tells you how different categories of people answered thesame question. For example you might look at whether people from differentcommunities shopped for the same products, or had similar feelings about supporting thecommunity, etc.)Remember that our data will inform the Downtown Beloit Association in their marketingefforts. They might be interested in age, income, location, household composition, etc,and how these variables affect shoppers’ opinions. One group can certainly look atopinions about making the market better.To answer your questions you should include 5-10 charts/ graphs (if you think this is toomany or too few, let me know), if they are frequency distributions or nested frequencies,or fewer if you are using contingency tables.6) Think about a paper and a poster presentation.Like any paper, you should start with an introduction. Then your paper should introducethe question you want to analyze- the purpose of your analysis. You can justify this interms of marketing, or in terms of the kinds of issues addressed by Halweil in Eat Here,or other articles. In formal terms, this is an introduction and “review of the literature.”Before you discuss the data, talk about the methods of collection. We can call ourmethod of finding people a “convenience sample” gathered throughout the morning. Thatmeans that we asked the people who we found, but made an effort to find people whocame at all times.Talk about our sample. We had xx respondents. Describe the demographics that arerelevant to your report.Talk about your results.Then discuss what they mean. This is really the “paper” section of this report, becauseyou are developing the context of the study- what you found and how if fits with whatpeople think about markets, what other studies have found, etc.50

Continue the paper with a conclusion.Turn in on October 1. Marion will read and return as soon as possible so you can rewriteif necessary. Your paper can be alone or with your partner. The poster is a joint effort.7) The posterI think a poster presentation is most like a power point presentation. You need boldgraphics- pictures, charts, organization, and short bulleted statements. One of theeasiest and best ways to