Surface Navy Electrical Leap ForwardSea-Air-Space Exposition03 April 2017Mr. Stephen P. Markle, PEDirector & Program ManagerDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.
NEXT SURFACE COMBATANT EVOLVED CAPABILITY“In FY2030, the DON plans to start building an affordable follow-on, multi-mission, mid-sizedfuture surface combatant to replace the Flight IIA DDG 51s that will begin reaching their ESLs[Estimated Service Life] in FY2040.”Report to Congress on the Annual Long-Range Plan for Construction of Naval Vessels for FY2015Update:“ next Large Surface Combatant will begin in FY2030.”Report to Congress on the Annual Long-Range Plan for Construction of Naval Vessels for FY2017Big Differences: High Energy Weapons and Sensors Flexibility for affordable capability updatesPhoto by CAPT Robert Lang, USN (Ret), from 2014-SNA-Photo-Contest-Winners.aspxDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 2
CURRENT MISSION SYSTEM INTEGRATION APPROACHEach mission load brings a unique point solution-based intermediate power systemAdvanced SensorsElectronic WarfareSEWIP Block IIISurface EWImprovementProgramAMDRAir and MissileDefense RadarCTRL& PWRCTRL& PWRDirected EnergyACDCPWR DM CDM &CMFILTERSFuture WeaponsSSL-TMSolid State LaserTechnologyMaturationESCTRL& PWRPWR I/OTHRMLMGMTTBDDCDCDM &CMFILTERSESESCTRL& PWRACDCDCDCESDCDCINTERMEDIATEPOWER SYSTEMS:30-40% OF MISSIONLOAD EQUIPMENTESPWRI/ODM & ESCMTHRML FILTERSMGMTx10CURRENT INTERFACE: MIL-STD 1399Federated Systems: High MaintenanceDifficult LogisticsNot Easily Integrated Not CommonCost MoreWaste Space & WeightToday’s Navy Pays a SWAP-C and Support PenaltyDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 3
NAVAL POWER AND ENERGY SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT ROADMAP (NPES TDR)Product AreasMetricsControlsEfficiencyPower DensityOperating rangeCooling RequirementsCurrent CapacityCostOperating temperatureMaintenanceFault managementSystem responseSystemReconfigurationDistributionEnergy StorageGeneratorsMotorsPrime MoversPower STechDevelopmentRoadmap.aspxDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 4
FUTURE POWER DEMAND INCREASES IN THE FLEETINCREASES IN POWER REQUIREMENT ABOARD SHIPSMORE POWERDIFFERENT DEMANDSTEP CHANGE INCREMENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF POWER GENERATIONVS. INCREASE IN POWER REQUIREMENT OVER TIMENEW CAPABILITIES DEMAND PULSE AND STOCHASTIC POWERExponentialCapabilities GrowthPowerSensor DemandWeapon DemandEW tantMission Power Demand: StochasticTodayPowerPowerGenerationAvailableSensor DemandPowerRequirementPowerDemandCURRENT AVAILABLE POWER ABOARD SHIPS CANNOTSUPPORT DYNAMIC LOADSIncreased Warfighting Capability to Overmatch the Threat Demands PowerDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 5
Challenges of Integrating High Power Mission Systems:Directed Energy Systems Require Pulse Power & Increased PowerWeapon DemandSensor DemandEW DemandEnergy Storage Response to LoadENERGY STORAGEPROVIDESPULSE POWERPOWERPOWERGenerator Response to LoadTIMEGenerators operate at continuousloading for efficiency & reliabilityCombined Mission LoadAC Distribution BusGENERATOR CHARGES ENERGY STORAGETIMECurrent generators cannot respondquickly and dynamically for newdemandsEnergy Magazine provides pulsepower and load leveling whengenerators cannot meet demandSolution: Energy Magazine Energy Storage ControlsDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 6
ENERGY MAGAZINEEMEnergy Storage Module (ESM) Proof of Concept: Prime - RCT under ONR SwampworksProgramINTERFACEIPES2011 Energy Storage Media: Lead acid batteries installed in a 28’ ISO container Functionality: Stored energy of 100 kW-hr (360 MJ) Status: Modifications to support ONR laser projects in processEnergy Magazine (EM) Prototype: Prime - DRS under PMS 320, Electric Ships Office Energy Storage Media: Lithium ion batteries installed in a 78x48x100 inch militarydesigned cabinet Functionality: Stored energy of 71 kW-hr (256 MJ), between the ship’s electric plantand mission load Status:2018 Build and subassembly testing in process System testing on track for 1Q//FY18Energy Magazine Mk II: Prime - DRS under PMS 320, Electric Ships Office Energy Storage Media: Lithium ion batteries installed in military designed cabinets Functionality:2020 Stored energy of 153 kW-hr (550 MJ), augments ship’s electric plant by peak shaving Allows energy storage media to be installed separate from power electronics Status: Evolved EM Prototype Design Ship Production Ready in FY2020Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 7
Power Hardware in the Loop TestingEMINTERFACEIPESFlorida State University Center for Advanced Power SystemsEmulatedPower SystemCompact PowerEmulated Mission SystemsAMDR PCMFESSDevice(s) Under TestEM-LReal Time Simulation: Technical and Programmatic Risk ReductionDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 8
Energy Magazine DemonstrationEMINTERFACEIPESModeling & Simulation DDG 51 Flt IIA & III VV&A’d Electrical System Detailed Mission SystemSEWIPSSLAMDR Energy Storage Models & HardwareReal Time Dynamic SimulationFSU CAPSKnowledgeControl Hardware in the loop (CHIL)Power Hardware in the loop (PHIL) Power & Energy Management Sandia NL Distributed Energy ManagementDemonstrations Validate Interfaces for Pulsed High Energy SystemsDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 9
FUTURE MISSION INTEGRATION SOLUTIONINTERFACEEMIPESCommon Shared Energy Storage and Services with an Integrated Management Systemto Support Load Demands and Lower Ownership CostsAdvanced SensorsAMDRAir and MissileDefense RadarElectronic WarfareSEWIP Block IIISurface EWImprovementProgramDirected EnergyFuture WeaponsSSL-TMSolid State LaserTechnologyMaturationTBDFUTURE INTERFACE: MIL-STD 1399 LVDC/MVDC (draft)Common ArchitectureEnergy Magazine Shifts the InterfaceFlexible for GrowthAdds FunctionalityAffordableSaves Space & WeightShifts the interface towards the loads for affordability and commonalityDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 10
INTEGRATED POWER AND ENERGY SYSTEM (IPES)EMINTERFACEIPESEvolved Integrated Power System:Flexible Affordable CommonIPES allows propulsion and ships service to sharetheir power source. Energy is stored andcontrolled in the electrical distribution of the ship sopower is available where and when we need itDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.I 11
IPES: ADVANCED CYBER SAFE CONTROL SYSTEMEMINTERFACEIPESIntegrated Power & Energy SystemFlexible Common Modular ScalableShared Power and Energy is controlled and distributed sopower is available where and when needed.IPES IPS Shared Energy Advanced ControlsAdvanced CyberSafe ControlsShip Service: Centralized and IntegratedPower Support ngWeapon SystemsThe Right Power in the Right Place at the Right TimeDistribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.12
IPES: Power ArchitectureINTERFACEEMIPESINTEGRATED POWER & ENERGY SYSTEMS (IPES)Is:o Evolutionary from DDG1000 IPSo Shared energy storageo Advanced controls with combatsystems interfaceo Affordable, Scalable, and Flexibleo Zonal 12KVDC integrated powerand energyo MVDC IPES ADM White Paper of08 April 2016 contains a fulldescriptionWARFIGHTING BENEFITS: Decouples mission system pulse loads frompower generation Seamlessly transitions power and energy tohigh power pulsed weapons and sensors asrequired while maintaining system stability Matures and tests control system Active PowerManagement and Cybersecurity De-risks integration of modular energy storageat the main distribution and/or zonal levelsNOTIONAL PES DevelopmentAdvanced Development & TestingEDMMajor ActivitiesDesign &BuildSystem TestingDC CircuitProtection SharedEnergy StorageAdvancedCyber-SafeControlsAdvanced GeneratorIntegration & TestONR FNCsHerren Associates, Inc.International Cost Estimating and Analysis Association (ICEAA)DistributionStatementA. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.Grand Hyatt I Atlanta,GA I June8, 2016I 13
ADVANCED POWER GENERATION MODULE (APGM)INTERFACEEMIPES25MW 12KVDC GTGKey Attributes: High Power Densityo Fits in a warship less than10,000 tons DC permits use of variable speed to optimizeefficiency Dual windings for independent buses Independent rectifiers convert AC DC Module level controls Isolation from pulsed and/or stochastic load profiles Accommodation of high energy weapons (DC loads)Building Scale Generator andTesting to Inform interfaceWARFIGHTING BENEFITS: Provides power dense and fuel efficient electrical generation capabilitySupports ships with future high power pulsed weapons and sensor systems in an IPES configurationWill be incorporated into IPES ADM upon deliveryNOTIONAL SCHEDULE:PLANNING: FY16: Industry RFI and Industry Day FY17/18: Industry/Government Studieso Sandia: Building scale APGM emulator, testin 300 VDC microgrid lab to inform systemperformance requirements.o Study contracts being preparedHerren Associates, Inc.FY16RFI FY21CDRDesignInternational Cost Estimating and Analysis Association (ICEAA)DistributionStatementA. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.Grand Hyatt I Atlanta,GA I June8, 2016FY22FY23FY24FATBuildADM TestingI 14
IPES PLANNING UPDATEEMINTERFACEIPES Industry Day Held 3 August 2016– 156 people from Industry, Academia, and Government StakeholderOrganizations BAA White Papers Received for 25 MW GTG at 12KVDC Continuing to Develop supporting M&S and power hardwarein the loop test capabilities Functional / Component Deep Dives in progress See BAA N0002410R42152017 Industry Day being planned for Mid-AugustHerren Associates, Inc.International Cost Estimating and Analysis Association (ICEAA)DistributionStatementA. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.Grand Hyatt I Atlanta,GA I June8, 2016I 15
OVERVIEWIn 2007, ASN(RDA) established PMS 320,the Electric Ships Office (ESO) within PEOSHIPS to facilitate the high degree oftechnical integration with ship platformsand power systems, scope futuretechnology development, and supportcritical concept decisions. Manages the Combat Power and EnergySystems OIPTWorks with the S&T community to applynew technologies to solve fleet problemsWorks in conjunction with ONR, DARPA,Academia, Industry Professionals, andWarfare CentersAligns developments with warfighter needsSupports SECNAV and CNO initiatives toreduce energy use Smaller, simpler, and more affordableship power systemsPower for pulsed high energy weaponsand sensor systemsFuture Naval Power Systems andtransition appropriate Science &Technology to the fleetNaval Power and Energy SystemsTechnology Development Roadmap(TDR)NPES TDR: http://www.navsea.navy.mil/teamships/PEOS ElectricShips/default.aspxProviding Affordable, Integrated Power and Energy OUR MISSIONThe mission of PMS 320 is to developThe mission of PMS 320 is to developand provide affordable, capable Navaland provide smaller, simpler, morepowerand energysystemintegrationaffordable,and morecapableelectricsolutionstomeetevolvingcustomer by:power systems for all Navy platformsdemands by:defining common open Definingopenarchitecturesand interface andstandards,architecturesinterface standards,developing common components,and focusingcommonNavy andsolutions,Industry Developinginvestments and Focusing Navy and informingIndustry investmentsOUR VISIONPMS 320 will work across the Navy’sResearch & Development Enterprise inpartnership with industry to developand introduce innovative technologiesto enable the Navy’s distributedlethality principles through efficientpower & energy management.Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.