Transcription

T ' O - 10-ZObU N I T E 0 STATES DEPAAT)-IENT OF THE I N T E R l Q RNATIONAL P A R K SERVICE!Rev. 6-72)N A T I O N A L REGISTER O F HHISTORIC PLACESINYEPITORYNOMIHATlON FCXM1-j-nce William-FOR N P S USE O N L Y---ENTRY O A T (Type ?!! entries1- complete p p f i c a b l esections)Weerns-Rotts Rouse1-.- F O /H OISRTORIC:AWceas-Bo t t s House,1[L.* , ,,.A*. .'.*; 1 , I-,S T R E E T A N C I NCIh3ER:IS s t h w e s t c o r n e r oi Eke and Cameron S t r e e t sFC O N G H S 5 S I O N A L 3 l S T R I C T:Y O R TO'rVN.II,1hmfries-3T fi T r.Virginiavrzf3 .ON\-S C A:T!.-I:IQ vjD i s t r i c ta Site1I ,1 'i [ ? i Public-StrvrturtluObjectIIPublic Acquisition:IznCf-(Check On.Being ConsideredPrrsmrv tionworkrJEntertainment0a[J Unrlrstrictsdn--or ,%,orea* piollriel-)Ayricultwoln Educatlanulv, FRertrlctndin prosressCornmrrciol!--EEI;FKi UIERYcs:O cupiedBoth3ACCESSlaLETO T HE P S L I Cn UnoccupiedI n Processi3.STATUSqPrivate.I . . '"A,.OlYNERSHIPCODE11535 1 ]Prince W i l l i a m,, . .,. ,,?ICATEGORY{ch ckOn?)l i h t(HerberthE. Harris II)t O D COUNTY.Government[3 Park0 Tronsportotion0Comrnrrt3IndustrialLTU Other---n Reli g iousMilitar y5axMuseurn QWWE,R.CF,PF PE TY, ,',- - p T - rP r i v o f e Rosidarnce., I.Scientif c,.L----,(Specj )---,---.-- "I,--.,,-I"I --WlUSTATR-v,1 L J ! r - , r His t o r i c LandnarksjS;1C-OFCIIJAVEY:P1973Comnisaion SurvG3-nFederoiS:o:erJr]t o c o i- -county;0EP05170P(* C-SR 7 U R V E Y R E C O R D S .I-.-&V c r a i n i a BTs t o r i c Landmarks---.-.- ----- C o m i s s i o n5 TPEET A a D NUMBER-22L C v e r n o rS t r e e t------. OP rowb:CITYKic hrnoqd-.,.-.-- -I.Virgini?

ExsollentCONDITION[X1GoodFair0 Ds1eraorot.dRunnr(Check One)0MD E S C R I B E THE P R E S E N r A N D O R I G I N A L (,I0 Unerpos.d(Chock One)O V aOrtginoISI -)PHYSICAPP E \A LRANCEThe Weems-Botts House i s l o c a t e d on Wke S t r e e t , on a h i l l above L h n f r i e s 'Main S t r e e t , and i s a s m a l l framed s t r u c t u r e b u i l t i n f o u r s e c t i o n s . It i ss h e a t h e d w i t h weatherboards, has g a b l e r o o f s covered w i t h s h e e t m e t a l , andis lit by modern s i x - o v e r - s i x and four-over-four sash.The h o u s e ' s v a r i o u ss e c t i o n s d a t e from t h e e i s h t e e n t h t o t h e t w e n t i e t h century.The e a r l i e s t p o r t i o n is t h e n o r t h e a s t e r n room. It i s b r i c k nogged and s i t supon a s l a t e f o u n d a t i o n , t h e e a s t w a l l of which has been removed t o r e p l a c ea r o t t i n g s i l l . It i s a t r u e story-and-a-half b u i l d i n g , w i t h a s i n g l e 11by 16 f o o t room on e a c h l e v e l . The f i r s t f l o o r r e t a i n s a s e c t i o n o f beadedh o r i z o n t a l p i n e s h e a t h i n g which has been reproduced throughout t h e room i nt h e c o u r s e of t h e p r e s e n t r e s t o r a t i o n . Exposed beaded j o i s t s and an openwinder s t a i r w i t h a beaded newel c o m p r i s e - t h e remainder o f t h e d e c o r a t i o ni n t h i s room. The f i r e b o x of t h e e x t e r i o r end chimney, which i s now e n c l o s ed i n a l a t e r a d d i t i o n and which i s b u i l t of b r i c k l a i d i n t h r e e - c o u r s eAmerican bond, has been r e f a c e d . The second s t o r y i s unembellished e x c e p tf o r a p o s t - c o l o n i a l c h a i r r a i l a c r o s s i t s open g a b l e end. The o r i g i n a lf l o o r i n g s u r v i v e s h e r e , a s i t does i n t h e f i r s t f l o o r . Another noteworthye a r l y appurtenance is t h e s i n g l e , louvered casement s h u t t e r on t h e f r o n t o ft h i s s e c t i o n o f t h e house.v,mrnzV,I n t h e rnid-nineteenth c e n t u r y , a n o t h e r , Larger s i n g l e - c e l l e d u n i t was addedt o t h e west o f t h e o r i g i n a l p o r t i o n . Like t h e e a r l i e r s e c t i o n , i t i s v e r yp l a i n . It h a s a c l o s e d winder s t a i r i n t h e s o u t h e a s t c o r n e r and s i m p l emantels i n b o t h s t o r i e s . I n t h e n o r t h e a s t c o r n e r of t h e f i r s t s t o r y , ap o r t i o n of e a r l y pit-sawn, whitewashed weatherboard c l a d d i n g s u r v i v e s ont h e former west e x t e r i o r w a l l of t h e o r i g i n a l p o r t i o n . rncr)-4-I n t h e t w e n t i e t h c e n t u r y , a o n e - s t o r y k i t c h e n e l l was added behind ( s o u t ho f ) t h e e i g h t e e n t h - c e n t u r y wing and another o n e - s t o r y wing was appended t ot h e west end of t h e mid-nineteenth-century s e c t i o n . Also i n t h e p r e s e n tc e n t u r y , a o n e - s t o r y porch w i t h chamfered p o s t s was b u i l t a c r o s s t h e e n t i r ef a c a d e of t h e house.The house i s c u r r e n t l y undergoing a sympathetic r e s t o r a t i o n by H i s t o r i cDumfries V i r g i n i a , I n c .zV,I

(Chnck One or M o r e .a Approprirt.)UPre-Colurnbioni16th Century , 1 8 t hCentury15th Century17th CmntwyXX0.Educotim:0 Pmhistoric0 i tI( C h - c k On. miwr. a. ppmpliat.)A R E A S OF SIGNIFICANCEAbor iginel20th Century19th Century Enginemringri lndu tV;aPoliticalReligion/Phi.losophy0 grisu onssnmtionMusicU r b m PlanninqO t k r (specif,)Historicalscholarship[7 Sociol/HurnmitorianThcoter0 TronsportotionSTATEMENT O F 5 1 C N l F I C A N C EThe Weems-Botts h o u s e . i s . a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h e names and p r o f e s s i o n a l a c t i v i t i e s o f two prominent e a r l y . Virginians--Mason Locke (Parson) Weems andBenjamin B o t t s . The house i s a l s o one o f t h e few e a r l y s t r u c t u r e s s u r v i v i ni n t h e o l d Potomac p o r t town o f J h m f r i e s . I t s e a r l i e s t p o r t i o n i s a f i n eo f t h e l a t e - e i g h t e e n t h c e n t u r y andspecimen o f ' a s m a l l commercial struc'urei s noteworthy f o r b e i n g a t r u e story-and-a-half b u i l d i n g , a n u n u s u a l t y p ef o r Virginia.Mason Locke Weems bought t h e h a l f - a c r e p l o t known a s Lot 5 1 from two t r u s t i n June, 1798. He had by t h i s time r e t i r e d f r oe e s o f t h e Town o f -EriesIt i s l i k e l y t h a t he b u i l t t ht h e f u l l - t i m e m i n i s t r y and was a b o o k s e l l e r .e a r l i e s t p o r t i o n o f t h e b u i l d i n g f o r u s e a s a bookshop and temporary lodgi n g , f o r h e had n o t y e t e s t a b l i s h e d h i s r e s i d e n c e i n IXlmfries even thoughh i s a s s o c i a t i o n w i t h t h e v i l l a g e began i n 1795.A s e a r l y a s 1797, Weems became convinced t h a t s m a l l , cheap books would b ep o p u l a r w i t h t h e r e a d i n g p u b l i c and t h a t u p l i f t i n g messages c o u l d e a s i l y b epromoted through them. George Washington s t r u c k him a s a n a d m i r a b l e subj e c t , and he began t o p r e p a r e a s h o r t biography, e n t i c i n g h i s p u b l i s h e r i nJune, 1799, w i t h t h e p r e d i c t i o n t h a t "it w i l l s e l l l i k e f l a x s e e d a t q u a r t eI c o u ' d make you a world o f pence and p o p u l a r i t y by it." Wheof a d o l l a r .Washington d i e d l a t e r t h a t y e a r , t h e book, much o f which Weems had presuma b l y w r i t t e n a t h i s Dumfries shop, was almost ready. It appeared a monthand a h a l f l a t e r , a n anonymously i s s u e d 80-page pamphlet e n t i t l e d The L i f eand Memorable Actions of George Washington.Weems s o l d t h e p r o p e r t y i n June, 1802, t o Benjamin B o t t s , a s r c c e s s f u lc r i m i n a l lawyer who was prominent among t h e team of a t t o r n e y s who defendedAaron Burr d u r i n g h i s t r e a s o n t r i a l . B o t t s u s e d t h e b u i l d i n g a s h i s lawoffice.B o t t s and h i s w i f e d i e d i n t h e Richmond t h e a t e r f i r e o f 1811, and t h ep r o p e r t y t i t l e remained i n h i s e s t a t e . It was s o l d f o r t a x e s i n 1835 andt h r e e y e a r s l a t e r repurchased by f o u r o f o t t s 's o n s , among whom wereC h a r l e s T y l e r B o t t s , founder of t h e Southern P l a n t e r , a n a g r i c u l t u r a l j o u r n a l , and John Minor B o t t s , a Whig p o l i t i c i a n .aA f t e r b r i e f p e r i o d s o f ownership b y o t h e r s , d u r i n g which time t h e n i n e t e e n t l c e n t u r y wing was added, t h e Merchant f a m i l y purchased t h e p r o p e r t y i n 1869and h e l d it u n t i l 1968. I n 1974, it was a c q u i r e d by t h e Town o f Dumfries a i de s t o r i n i t a s a museul e a s e d t o H i s t o r i c Dumfries V i r g i n i h I n c . who a r e rDTU.

19, MAJGRBbBLIOGRAPHfCAi REFERENCES-F l o r y , W i l l i a m E. S., "Parson WeemsF i r s t Biographer o f Washington," m s .i n V i r g i n i a H i s t o r i c Landmarks C o m i s s i o n a r c h i v e s ."George Didn't S l e e p There But t h e Cherry Tree Man Did," J o u r n a l Messenger(Manassas, Va.) February 1 4 , 1974.P r i n c e William County Deed BooksI IWeems:Scalawag o r Admirable Man?,"Potomac Scene, March 29, 1974. .g h P , c A:.y ,,.,LD. n. r . . .,:. .:,:::. G,:,:.: ;'.,LATITUDE AN? LONT!TUOE COORDINATE4D E F I N I N G A F I E C T A N T - L E L O C L I T I N G THE P R O P E R T ICORNER--LATITUDE.0NWNEoSEoswDRLON -ITUOEDegrees Minutes Seconds0.0oa.0. . .:,.;.: ., . . . . . .1 : . . : .:I . . . . . .,.:. .,.,. , .:. . ?. . . ,. . .,. .I. .,,,.,. 4 . . .,. . . ., . . . . .?. . ::. L ) T T AN.D ELDNCIT'IDECOOS A-XF, DEFINING T H c C C X T I R 0 1 O F 7A P I O P E R T YOFLESSTHANTEMiC A.--LATlTUDEDegrees Minutes Secondsm'.Dsgr-.*SecondsMinut.,Degree. T M e f e r e n c'e s :18/297050/42712401-6 a c r e S-A N D COUNTIES FOR PROPERTIES GERLAPPING S T A T E ORMinubsSsc nds"0! .n.LONClTUOEAPPROXIMATE ACREAGE O F NOMINATED PROPERTY:F I S T A L L STATESCOUNTY COUNTYIII[ I I . FORM PREPhRCD BY(NAUCAND"TITLEORGANIZATtONDATEA p r i l 1975221 Governor S t r e e tI C V T YO RISTATETOWN:As the designatsd State Liaison Office; foi ttie Na-I hereby certify that this property is included in thetional Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public LawNati-189-665). I hereby nominate t h i s property for inclusionReguteri n the National Register and certify that it h a s been-valuated accordinq to the c-iteria and procecbres s e tforth by the National Park Service. T h e recommendedlevel of significance of t h i s nomination is:NationalNameII'Statea/ 87UAU-I1LocaliJ u n i u s Pj. F i s h b u t n h , Jr. , x & . i r e c t a i r g i n i bH i s t o r i c Landmarks ' o m i s s i oTitlefAPR '1 5 1975DateDirector, O f f i c e of A r c h s o l o ym d H I s L o r I s ProaervationD* eATTEST:Keeper of The Natlonal ReglaterbateG P O 981.894C'1

Form 10-300.(July 1969)UNITED STATES D E P A R T W N T OF THE INTERIORNATIGUAL PARK SERVICE. - . L.aSTAT NATIONAL REElSTER O F HISTORIC PLACES-InvWTOm NOMINATION(C0atM.mSlnst) filFORM-Prince W i l l i a mFOR NPS USE ONLYDATEE W T R V NUY1CIII(NIIArd l .ad")4.IOWNER OF PROPERTYLessee and Operator:Historic IXIlnfries Virginia, Inc.Box 26IXlmfries, Virginiacode: 51G P O 921.724